No kidding. Even if you are not a developer, you can still learn the basics of Salesforce REST API in just under 60 minutes. Here is a step-by-step do-it-yourself guide on how to make REST API calls and interact with Salesforce.
But first of all, what is Salesforce REST API? Here is a very simple explanation – Salesforce REST API allows you to interact with Salesforce from outside the Salesforce. That means that you can create/update/delete records in Salesforce from an external program. That means that you can issue a query to Salesforce and get the response.
Where are APIs used? APIs are used when you want to integrate Salesforce with other applications. Your other application can be in any language (Java, PHP, .Net, Ruby, Oracle, etc. etc.) and on any platform.
Here is an example. Say, you are using an ERP and whenever you create/update a customer in your ERP system, you want to create/update that record as an ‘Account’ in Salesforce. So what you need to do to accomplish this is to write an ‘AFTER INSERT’ trigger in your ERP database. The trigger will make a REST API call to Salesforce and will insert/update the record in the ‘Account’ object in Salesforce.
If you want to do something in Salesforce from outside Salesforce, you need to use an API. You need to make an API call. And here is a nice video explaining the concept of an API
So how do you get started with APIs in Salesforce? I created two blog posts earlier that contained step-by-step instructions on how to connect to Salesforce from Java using REST API and SOAP API. So if you are a programmer/developer it should be quite easy to follow these instructions and have a taste of how to work with Salesforce using APIs.
But what if you are from a non-programming background? Say you are an admin, functional consultant, solution architect, tester etc. If the term API sounds greek to you, stay with me for next 60 minutes or so and I assure you that by the end of it not only will you make your first API call, but also insert / update & delete records in Salesforce using APIs.
So how are we going to do this? Rather than writing a program using Java or PHP or .Net we will use one of the most popular tool to design, build and test APIs called “Postman“. So while in a real world you will make REST API calls using Java or PHP or .Net etc. in this case we will use the Postman app to make API calls to Salesforce and watch the response.
Here is your Step-By-Step DIY Guide on using Salesforce REST API. Enjoy it chilled with Vodka, lemon and a pinch of salt
Where can you use this guide?
- You can use it when you need to create a login in Salesforce for the middleware / 3rd party system to make REST calls. You will create a user, setup the profile and use Postman app to test and ensure that the user is able to connect to Salesforce using API
- You can will use it when you need to test API calls. For example, you can use it to create / update / delete records in Salesforce and make sure that there are no profile/permission issues
- You can use it to see the response structure. When you make a REST API call to Salesforce, Salesforce will return a response.
References & Useful URLs
- Developer Guide – REST API Developer Guide
- Blog Post – Explore the Salesforce APIs with a Postman Collection
- GitHub – Salesforce APIs for Postman
- Trailhead Module (30 mts) – API Basics
- YouTube Video (1:02:59 Hrs) – Salesforce API Fundamentals
- Salesforce Live Video (26:31 Mts) – Exploring the Salesforce APIs with Postman
- Feb 2016 – First Published
- Jun 2019 – Replaced ARC (Advanced Rest Client) Chrome Extension with ARC Desktop Client
- Nov 2020 – Replaced ARC with Postman